The Buddhist Luohan Temple was built 1000 years ago during the Song Dynasty, remodeled in 1752, and rebuilt in 1945 after the Second World War. The name of this popular place for worship and penance, “Luohan”, is the Chinese equivalent of the Sanskrit word “arhat”, meaning a holy man who has left behind all earthly desires and concerns and attained nirvana. The facility serves simultaneously as a cloister for a small community of monks, and as the headquarters of the Buddhist Society of Chongqing.
Great Hall of the People
The Chongqing Great Hall of the People was built between 1951-1954, and with its huge dome that is modeled after the Temple of Heaven in Beijing, it is the best known landmark in Chongqing. Musical and theatrical performances take place under a dome 180 feet in height in an auditorium that seats 4000. At night, both the Great Hall of the People and the People’s Square in front of it are spectacularly illuminated.